The Rejuvenate project was initiated by a desk study carried out by four organisations from the United Kingdom (UK), Sweden, the Netherlands and Germany. Its goal was to asssess the potential opportunity for using marginal land, in particular brownfields and other previously developed or contaminated land, for producing biomass. This biomass could be used for energy, fuel productiom or as a feedstock. The aims of the first phase were (i) to explore the feasbility of a range of possible approaches to combine risk based land management (RBLM) with non-food crop land-uses and organic matter re-use as appropriate, (ii) to identify a range of potential opportunities worthy of further development in the UK, Germany and Sweden and in a wider European context, (iii) to assess how verification of their performance might be carried out and (iv) to identify with requirements remain for future research, development and demonstration.
One practical result from the first phase of the Rejuvenate project was a decision-making framework (or decision support tool, DST) serviceable in Germany, Sweden and the UK. These countries have substantive differences in their land, and biomass re-use, contexts and the tool was aimed to be applicable across Europe.
A central task of the project during its second phase (Rejuvenate 2) has been to evaluate the decision support tool against different case studies. In addition the project consortium was broadened to include partners from Romania and Belgium and also co-operation with other research projects. The specific objectives of Rejuvenate 2 (R2) were designed to address the research and development gaps identified in the first phase of Rejuvenate by:
1. Establishing three full scale case studies in the participating countries.
2. Validating the decision support approach based on Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat (SWOT) analysis, with regard to i) crop and site management and ii) biomass use and delivery of value to stakeholders.
3. Performing ecological environmental, legal and economical assessment of the crop based systems for sustainable RBLM, including the full chain from choice of fields to biomass use.
4. Identifying ongoing research, developments and experience of implementation agendas for the re-use of contaminated land for biofuels.
5. Providing a mechanism for other countries and third partry funders to add further case studies to the project over its three year life span.
This report provides a summary of findings against these objetives applying the Rejuvenate Decision Support Tool (DST) at demonstrations sites. This includes a SWOT-analysis and an example of applying the DST on radioactivce land.
The DST was applied to select demonstration sites and for selecting crops to be cultivated at the sites. In Sweden the sites Vivsta varv, in Vista, Utansjöverken in Utansjö and the Häggatorp landfill in Kallinge were selected. In Romania Micasasa, Copsa Mica was selected.